10 Tips for Improving Website Usability

10 Tips for Improving Website Usability

Website users have limited patience. Faced with a slow-to-load website, or one where they can't find what they want, they'll often simply leave and look somewhere else for what they want. Just two seconds of delay in loading can nearly double the rate of buyers abandoning a shopping cart, according to research from Radware. Improving your website's usability can help keep viewers on your site and improve your business's stats and sales.

Research shows we all look at web pages the same way. Put important information where people look the most - above the fold and on the left hand side. Don't hide important links such as "contact us" down at the bottom of the page. The Crazy Egg tool can be useful, as it generates a "heat map" showing where viewers' eyes will naturally focus on your site.

Less is more; remove the chatter and clutter from your web pages. Too many links or too many choices can prevent users finding the content that they want.

Make effective use of space. White space helps users scan quickly to see where the important information is. A web page that is too full makes scanning and navigation difficult and ultimately will make users head somewhere else.

Make sure you don't have dead ends or broken links on the site. Check external links regularly to make sure that they work; a site refresh can change page addresses and make your links fail. Ensure that whenever content is added to your site, a check is made on all the links both to and from the new page. Shopping carts need to work consistently and smoothly.

Use the same layout across the site. If you display some products with the picture above and information below, and other products with the picture to the left and information on the right, users will feel disorientated and won't know where to look for the information. Having consistent navigation links is particularly important.

Using the right font in the right size is crucial to making your content legible. Don't use too many fonts. Two is usually enough, one for headlines and one for body text. It should be big enough to read clearly and in a colour that contrasts well enough with the background to be easily visible. (Dark grey on light grey is never a good idea.)

Ensure your website loads speedily. Optimise images for the web; optimise your cache headers to speed up the experience for repeat visitors; and make sure your host is giving you enough bandwidth. Being stingy with your hosting costs, if it means your site is slow, can be counterproductive.

Avoid too much scripting. Slow scripts, particularly with JavaScript, can slow down loading and frustrate your users.

Use headlines, catchlines, and bold type within the body text to stress the most important words. With longer articles, break the text up using catchlines or sub-heads every four or five paragraphs to help users skim-read and focus on the parts most relevant to them.

Put thought into your navigation schema so that the headings you use reflect the way users think about your subject matter. For instance, a tour operator offering adventure travel could divide the site by geographical destination or by type of activity; knowing how most users decide on their next holiday could help select the right navigation for the website.

Making your website more usable is an investment that can deliver high returns. By improving usability, you'll retain web users longer, reduce shopping cart abandonment rates, and increase your sales. 

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